Wade Allison, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Keble College, Oxford University, UK: This article discusses the importance of plentiful, reliable energy for humanity. It includes the topic of carbon dioxide from fossil fuels reportedly going to cause serious climate change problems. This leads to recommendations to dramatically cut back on fossil fuels and quickly switch to nuclear. Several things may stand in the way: 1) Nature. It may remain the primary cause of climate change. Any energy source we select may have little influence on future climate change. If it gets colder, we will need lots of energy from fossil fuels and nuclear. 2) The world will not be ready for a long time to implement nuclear like Canada, France and the USA did. Bad government, corruption, egotism, weak economies, inferior education will stand in the way. 3) When planning globally, it is essential to have global solutions that work.
John Shanahan, President of Environmentalists for Nuclear - USA: As far as we know, Earth is the only place in the universe with the right climate, atmosphere, water, land, plants, animals, birds and creatures in the oceans to sustain life in all its beauty. People think that Paradise is peaceful and harmonious. But frequently humans are at serious odds with each other. There are people in many walks of life working for peace, strong economies and human dignity. That has never been enough. Many parts of the world are under the influence of leaders or whole governments scheming how to put down other peoples and countries. Some countries are under the influence of people who predict that the world is coming to an end. They want to impose their solutions on everyone. This essay highlights a few scientists and engineers working for a better world overall using science not beliefs or ideologies.
Wade Allison, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Oxford University, UK: Nuclear energy can affect life when a nucleus decays, releasing energy as radiation. Everything, even our own bodiees, contains some natural radioactivity, and nuclear radiation shines on us from space too. If it had been really dangerous, life would have died out aeons ago, when radiation flux was more intense than it is today. To survive the oxidative damage caused by radiation and oxygen, life has evolved a series of amazingly clever design features and strategies.
Wade Allison, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Keble College, Oxford University, UK: Wade Allison is one of Europe's leading science professors and public educators on the subject of low dose radiation. In this essay, he offers a short reflection on where Europe and the UK are today and where they are going.