Howard Cork Hayden, Emeritus Physics Professor, University of Connecticut: The most common question people bring up with respect to nuclear power is, “What do you do with the waste?” The answer requires discussion of three broad topics: the nature of uranium fission, radiation shielding, and the relationship between radiation and health. The first section is about the nature and the quantity of the high-level radioactive byproducts of uranium fission. This so-called “waste” from a nuclear reactor is different from the waste from burning coal. The second section discusses the nature of shielding and its effectiveness. The third section presents a simple mathematical proof that there is nothing inherently additive about radiation exposure.
Wade Allison, Emeritus Professor of Physics, Oxford University, UK: Bottom up, on radiation and nuclear energy we need a fresh programme of science-wide public education in schools and in the community as a whole via the media, omitting the ghoulish images used in the past. Local UK-based initiatives should contribute to worldwide re-education, for example through the BBC. Top down, on radiation safety we need a complete sea change in international guidance. This should be based on scientific understanding and evidence, not the unjustified precaution inherent in the ALARA/LNT philosophy.
How big lie launched LNT myth, great fear of radiation (Edward Calabrese, Marjorie Mazel Hecht) USofA25.Aug.2017
Edward Calabrese, Professor of Toxicology at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst: Dr. Calabrese recently made the startling discovery that the linear no-threshold or LNT hypothesis, which governs radiation and chemical protection policy today, was founded on a deliberate lie to further a political agenda. According to LNT, there is no safe dose of radiation; the known deleterious effects of very high dose levels, under LNT, can be extrapolated linearly down to a zero dose.
This is The American Nuclear Society's report on Nine Grand Challenges by 2030. Hopefully, they will make a lot of progress. The progress so far has been insufficient to maintain a healthy nuclear industry.