Richard McPherson, LCDR, U.S. Navy (Retired), Represented United States at the IAEA Chernobyl accident assessment. Co-Founder of Global Humanitarian Resources, Inc. helping humanity under the nexus of agriculture, water and energy: In a new Middle East, largely secured by their own joint force, the U.S. could shift its Middle East relationship away from investing tax dollars in the Department of Defense for ships, aircraft, helicopters and military personnel to safeguard the oil flow out of those countries. Instead, our relationship could focus on private investment for long-term energy security for the world.
World Nuclear Association: • Switzerland has five nuclear reactors generating up to 40% of its electricity. Two large new units were planned. • National votes have confirmed nuclear energy as an ongoing part of Switzerland's electricity mix. • In June 2011 parliament resolved not to replace any reactors, and hence to phase out nuclear power gradually, and this was confirmed in a 2017 referendum.
Energy policy 2011 on: The seven-member Federal Council decided to ignore a referendum that had supported new nuclear power only one month earlier and declared that the country's nuclear power plants would not be replaced. The proposal was also approved by the upper house, the 46-member Council of States, by 3:1, though subject to ongoing review of technology options which might allow new plants.
World Nuclear Association: • Nuclear power capacity worldwide is increasing steadily, with about 50 reactors under construction. • Most reactors on order or planned are in the Asian region, though there are major plans for new units in Russia. • Significant further capacity is being created by plant upgrading. • Plant lifetime extension programs are maintaining capacity, particularly in the USA. There are about 450 nuclear power reactors operating in 30 countries plus Taiwan, with a combined capacity of over 390 GWe. In 2015 these provided about 11% of the world's electricity. About 50 power reactors are currently being constructed in 13 countries, notably China, India, UAE and Russia.
China has 936 GWe, India 215 GWe, the world more than 1,373 GWe of coal plant capacity. In the next half century, more nuclear power capacity will be retired without replacement than new capacity added except in Russia, China and maybe India. Countries with exemplary nuclear power programs like Switzerland have decided to discontinue use of nuclear power as their plants reach end of life. Energy experts are at a complete loss of what Switzerland will do.
Don Bogard, radio-geochemistry, nuclear geochemistry, planetary science: This is an excellent personal summary describing what is known and what is uncertain about the topic of catastrophic man-made global warming and large rise in sea levels causing flooding of cities around the world. This is written from a personal and scientific point of view without political or faith oriented influences. It is very important to understand the topic of man-made global warming, man-made climate change, man-made climate disruption and man-made sea level rise correctly as best as possible. It has tremendous consequences if the conclusions and courses of action are right or wrong.