Michel Gay: Parmi le grand public, la méconnaissane du domaine nucléaire est souvent sidérante. Le sujet est compliqué, et il est aussi desservi par des unités telles que Bq, msv, ou mgray que le public ne comprend pas, ce qui rajoute au mystère. L'énergie nucléaire suscite donc des réactions passionées, parfois apeurées et rarement objectives.
Matt Ridley is the author of The Rational Optimist and a Member of the British House of Lords: Here’s a quiz. To the nearest whole number, what percentage of the world’s energy consumption was supplied by wind power in 2014, the last year for which there are reliable figures? Was it 20 per cent, 10 per cent or 5 per cent? None of the above: it was less than 1 per cent. Remember this is total energy, not just electricity, which is less than a fifth of all final energy, the rest being the solid, gaseous, and liquid fuels that do the heavy lifting for heat, transport and industry.
Michel Gay: His career was piloting high performance super-sonic aircraft. Builders of these aircraft would go out of business if that industry was subject to the ridiculous requirements and the unscientific design rules the nuclear power industry has been subjected to. The anti-nuclear organizations also want to get rid of fossil fuels. That will get rid of all aircraft except gliders, your automobile (internal combustion or electric) etc. The photo shows the wind conditions at a fossil fuel or nuclear power plant. The condensate water clouds from the cooling towers are slowly drifting most of the time. The wind is not moving a leaf on the trees. Guess how much electricity those wind turbines are generating. Wind energy is a great swindle in many places, like in the photo. For most of the rest, it will become obvious as soon as they need major repairs or replacement in about twenty short years or earlier if damaged by strong wind or ice storms.
Michel Gay: En premier lieu, on peut étre écologiste et souteneir la production d'électricité nucléaire comme un des moyens pour assurer la transition énergétique et, plus généralement, la transition écologique. Ensuite, les centrales nucléaires, notamment les réacteurs surgénérateurs de la prochaine génération IV répondent à tous les critéres définis dans le Livre Blanc sur le financement de la transition écologique publié en novembre 2013.
Michel Gay: One can be an ecologist and support nuclear power as a means to ensure energy transition and, more generally, ecological transition. Nuclear power plants, including breeder reactors, meet all the criteria set out in the French White Paper on funding of ecological transition dated November 2013. This includes an annex with comparisons of costs and land area required for nuclear, solar photo voltaic and onshore wind turbines. Nuclear has the least cost and requires the smallest land area.